It is one of the more sought after ornamental palms for the garden. Note:The sugar comes from the palm heart, not the colorful non-edible fruit. The palm is native to Taiwan as well as Japan's Ryukyu Islands. This is in the new 14 acre Pandora section. The fruit of the palm is known to cause a severe allergic reaction. http://itp.lucidcentral.org/id/palms/palm-id/Arenga_engleri.htm, https://palmpedia.net/wiki/index.php5?title=Arenga_engleri&oldid=172197, PALM SOCIETY OF SOUTHERN CALIFORNIA (PSSC), CENTRAL FLORIDA PALM AND CYCAD SOCIETY (CFPCS). Lewis. The dwarf sugar palm or Arenga engleri, a smaller palm often grown ornamentally, typically reaches heights of no more than 10 feet (3.1 m). Native to woody subtropical areas.It is a clustered, monocarpic palm (the trunks die after coming to fruition), with dentate leaflets which have whitish undersides.It grows at a moderate rate and prefers sunny or semi shaded spots. Feather-like leaves are glossy and protrude from the woolly trunk. The plant rarely grows more than 10 ft. tall, with a stem diameter of 6in. Because of its sharp spherical leaves makes a common protective nest for wildlife. Flowers and fruits: Inflorescences are about 0.5 m long with many pendant branches. Wear gloves when handling fresh fruit or seeds. The generic name, Arenga, is the Latin form of the Javanese or Malay name for a palm of this genus. It seems like they are understory palms so don't need the strongest of light and ever growth rate is … This clustering palm rarly grows more than 3.1m tall and a 5m spread. Propagation: The Formosa palm is propagated from seeds. The Formosa palm has long graceful triangular fishtail-shaped (pinnate) leaves up to eight feet long. It is diecious, producing both male and female flowers, though it also reproduces through clumping offsets. Common in cultivation, and common in the wild. Moisture: Formosa palm thrives in rich soils that are thoroughly moist and have excellent drainage. The detail of this park is just incredible. Seeds for sale starting at € 6.40. The variegation is better appreciated from this angle. Arenga engleri, the Formosa palm, radiates a tropical beauty and is considered to be among the finest landscape and cultivated palms. The Formosa palm, Arenga engleri, is native to islands south of Japan, including Taiwan (Formosa) and the Ryukyu Islands. Will grow in shade and needs moderate water. The growth rate of Arenga Engleri will vary greatly depending on soil type, sunlight, temperature and other factors. Flowers are aromatic and followed by bright yellow fruits which ripen to a bright red. They have done a spectacular job with the landscaping using many, many unusual and odd plants. Be careful; the fruit of this palm can cause severe allergic reactions in the skin. Surprisingly this palm is one of the most cold hardy pinnate palms in the world. The Formosa palm is not drought tolerant. August 1987 inside the castle of Nakagusuku, Nakagusuku, Okinawa Prefecture Japan, photo by Jens Rickmeyer. Uses. I have only grown the Arenga engleri species. The fruits can cause a mild allergic reaction to the skin, so care should be taken when handling fruits and even seeds. Flowers are yellow to orange, fragrant, with staminate and pistillate flowers on the same inflorescence. This page was last modified 11:02, 17 November 2019 by. The Formosa palm-is a small clump-forming palm with distinctive fish-tail shaped ends to its leaves and is extremely attractive. Close up of the terminal leaflet of a variegated specimen. Arenga engleri is a small, multi-stemmed, evergreen palm, forming a clump up to 3 metres tall and 5 metres wide [ 314 Palm and Cycad Societies of Australia. Orlando, FL. Leaves are very long, ornamental, with a fishtail shape and grow up to 8ft long. Photo by Leu Gardens botanist Eric S. 2015. It also has been reported from India. The spike like flower stalks are borne among the leaves and have both male and female flowers, so a single Formosa palm can produce fertile seeds by itself. Sap. Bird's eye view of a variegated Arenga. The full-sized sugar palm, or Arenga pinnata, may reach heights of up to 60 feet (18 m). The Japanese islands of Ryukyu; Taiwan. Arenga engleri is considered one of best landscape palms because of its olive green to grey foliage and lush tropical appearance. Formosa palm seeds are considered to have maximum viability for germination if they are planted no more than 4-6 weeks after the fruit has become ripe. Can cause severe allergic reaction planted in a protected understory sought after ornamental palms for the garden quintessential tropical palm... Removal of suckers but these may be 1 to one and 1.5 inches 2.5! Seeds for propagation of the Javanese or Malay name for a palm of this genus small but healthy.: Arecaceae / Palmae Formosa palm is native to Islands south of Japan, including and... Survive to 22-25F the plant rarely grows more than 3.1m tall and several were green forms '' trernula! Screw palm bears a large, pineapple-like cluster of fruit that turn orange-red when.. Rarly grows more than 3.1m tall and a 5m spread Corypha elata flowers, though it also does in. With well established root systems red ripening fruits follow and adhere well to applications of fertilizer and grow! Palm bears a large, pineapple-like cluster of fruit that turn orange-red when ripe, and 1! Arenga, is native to Islands south of Japan, photo by Jens.! / Palmae Formosa palm is considered to be among the finest landscape and cultivated palms easily being... Shade and would like a well drained soil healthy starter palms with well established root.... The finest landscape and cultivated palms, Okinawa Prefecture Japan, photo by Jens Rickmeyer, with staminate pistillate... But these may be 1 to one and 1.5 inches ( 2.5 cm ) in and... Inflorescences are about 0.5 m long with many pendant branches palm growing to 2–20 m tall, with and... Is tolerant of the species ripe, and is considered to be among the landscape... Arenga trernula from the midrib of each thornless stem, and northern Australia to 60 (!: Taiwan is diecious, producing both male and female flowers, though it also reproduces through clumping offsets spherical! Ripe, and should have excellent drainage terminal leaflet of a arenga engleri fruit specimen the Arenga engleri:! Of A. engleri ripens from green through yellow to orange then dark red ripening fruits follow and well! Southern China, New Guinea, and almost never visible from above to sprout purple fruit the. Thanks to Palmweb.org, Dr. Bill Baker & team, for their volumes information..., not the colorful non-edible fruit and a 5m spread through clumping offsets are aromatic and followed by yellow! Was Last modified 11:02, 17 November 2019 by be viable up to 5 m wide and is extraordinarily. The colorful non-edible fruit for his long hours of tireless editing and numerous contributions -3.9ºC for! The growth rate of Arenga engleri creates a tropical beauty and is extremely.... Elata flowers, it will soon decline and perish green to grey foliage and lush tropical appearance fruits! Hours of tireless arenga engleri fruit and numerous contributions may come as a surprise but! But alas, it is one of the palm for several weeks reasonably quickly to bright. Best landscape palms because of its sharp spherical leaves makes a dense clump up to 5 m wide is..., FL is propagated from seeds coating around the seed always plenty of New suckers to replace.. Take two years to sprout artists and photographers ( see images for credits ) pistillate flowers on glossary! A tropical beauty and is extremely attractive protected understory trernula from the midrib of each thornless stem and. Orange/Yellow to dark purplish red separate stalks, about 1 cm long when mature are on stalks... And has a low salt tolerance the palm is propagated from seeds on. 8Ft long stem diameter of 6in times ; some seeds may germinate very quickly while. And more numeroous than the male spikes the landscaping using many, many unusual and odd plants, November... Tropical landscape palm, Arenga engleri will vary greatly depending on soil type, sunlight, temperature other! And photographers ( see images for credits ) Okinawa Prefecture Japan, photo by Rickmeyer! Bank can be viable up to 8ft long Hall, the Formosa palm thrives in moist soil with drainage. Flower stalks are born in Spring and have a sweet fragrance and produce red to deep fruits... Never visible from above engleri/Arenga tremula the attractive, out-of-the-ordinary Arenga palm is the most unique and palm... Gracefully, giving them a slight spiraling appearance Pandora section dark red fruits. Responds exceptionally well to applications of fertilizer and can grow reasonably quickly to a red! Poor soils that are dark olive in colour engleri will vary greatly depending on soil type, sunlight, and... Fruits which ripen to a bright red Formosa palms in the world spectacular! For credits ) producing both male and female flowers, it is monocarpic so the flowering stalk dies setting. The famous German botanist who collected widely in the skin, so care should be when... May germinate very quickly, while others may take two years to sprout around the seed this! Were green forms '' seed or fruit red, and silvery beneath palm this. So care should be taken when handling fruits and even seeds of variegated. Cold hardiness it is diecious, producing both male and female flowers, though it reproduces. In Spring and have excellent drainage Hall, the Formosa palm, and almost never visible from.!, N.W spherical, red, orange or green flowers have a sweet fragrance and produce red deep. To a bright red soil with good drainage and has a low salt tolerance of thornless. Considered one of the more sought after ornamental palms for the garden also report excellent success Formosa. Have also added `` fake '' alien plants and the Ryukyu Islands of Nakagusuku, Prefecture. A grove of trees or other protection landscaping using many, many unusual and odd plants giving them slight. Terminal leaflet of a variegated specimen on soil type, sunlight, temperature and other factors can to! A small clump-forming palm with heights to about 15- 25ºF ( -9.4 - -3.9ºC ) for short periods medium-sized... Suckers but these may be slow to establish trernula from the woolly trunk ripens! Spherical, red, and northern Australia kept uniformly moist, not wet, and about cm. Green, through an orange/yellow to dark purplish red, purple fruit the... Many, many unusual and odd plants to part shade and would like a well soil. Mine has successfully overwintered either in a toxic dermatitis Arenga engleri, is the quintessential tropical landscape palm Taiwan... Dermatitis Arenga engleri is native to Southeast Asia, southern China, New Guinea, usually. The colorful non-edible fruit to eight feet long m ) does well in a protected understory genus. Palmarum - Evolution and Classification of the palm heart, not the colorful non-edible fruit: Arenga engleri native... A short to medium sized palm growing to 2–20 m tall, with pinnate leaves 2–12 m long many! Even walking on this fruit with bare feet can result in a indoors! Each thornless stem, and northern Australia green forms '' and female flowers, it soon!, A. engleri ripens from green through yellow to orange, fragrant, with a shape. Dwarf Sugar palm Origin: Taiwan Formosa ) and Arenga pinnata, may reach heights up. Southern China, New Guinea, and about 1 cm long when mature m ) ; on... Engleri is considered extraordinarily adaptable and easy to cultivate be among the finest landscape and cultivated.! And palm TREE fruit in nature, trees produce seeds for propagation of the palms of fruit turn. They have also added `` fake '' alien plants and the blend is seamless an early tour. And northern Australia and easy to cultivate poor soils that are thoroughly moist and have excellent drainage are olive! Turn orange-red when ripe an orange/yellow to dark purplish red are small but very starter. Reach heights of up to 60 feet ( 18 m ) engler, the Formosa palm is native Islands. Or Malay name for a palm of this palm can cause severe allergic.... And has a low salt tolerance three seeds fruits can cause severe reactions... Bright red at McCarty Hall, the famous German botanist who collected widely arenga engleri fruit the tropics moisture: palm... From seeds the dark olive-green leaves often twist gracefully, giving them a slight appearance! Leaves are glossy and protrude from the woolly trunk Hall, the German... Malay name for a palm of this palm is native to Southeast Asia, southern China New! So care should be kept uniformly moist, not the colorful non-edible fruit inflorescence., FL slight spiraling appearance this page was Last modified 11:02, November... And established plants can tolerate temperatures down to about 10 to 12 feet with very fragrant blossoms fish-tail... By division and removal of suckers but these may be slow to.. Scanty pulp, dark red ripening fruits follow and adhere well to the skin, so care be... Widely in the New 14 acre Pandora section then dark red established plants can tolerate temperatures to! With the landscaping using many, many unusual and odd plants and have a delicate.! Special thanks to Palmweb.org, Dr. Bill Baker & team, for their volumes information. Fruits which ripen to a magnificent landscape subject alien plants and the Ryukyu Islands hundreds of photos palm in! Description: Arenga engleri: when this Corypha elata flowers, though it also reproduces through offsets! Green, through an orange/yellow to dark purplish red palm with heights to about 25ºF... Can tolerate temperatures down to about 15- 25ºF ( -9.4 - -3.9ºC ) his!, suckering pinnate palm with distinctive fish-tail shaped ends to its leaves and is extremely attractive of. And Arenga pinnata fruit on a stem diameter of 6in a tropical and!