{code: 'ad_rightslot', pubstack: { adUnitName: 'cdo_rightslot', adUnitPath: '/2863368/rightslot' }, mediaTypes: { banner: { sizes: [[300, 250]] } }, type: "html5", bids: [{ bidder: 'rubicon', params: { accountId: '17282', siteId: '162036', zoneId: '1666926', position: 'btf' }}, Initials is used to mark any document for validating or authorization purpose. { bidder: 'triplelift', params: { inventoryCode: 'Cambridge_MidArticle' }}, A formal memo includes specific sections and includes both the writer's and the assistant's initials at the end. dfpSlots['topslot_b'] = googletag.defineSlot('/2863368/topslot', [[728, 90]], 'ad_topslot_b').defineSizeMapping(mapping_topslot_b).setTargeting('sri', '0').setTargeting('vp', 'top').setTargeting('hp', 'center').addService(googletag.pubads()); {code: 'ad_btmslot_a', pubstack: { adUnitName: 'cdo_btmslot', adUnitPath: '/2863368/btmslot' }, mediaTypes: { banner: { sizes: [[300, 250], [320, 50], [300, 50]] } }, var pbDesktopSlots = [ syncDelay: 3000 { bidder: 'triplelift', params: { inventoryCode: 'Cambridge_SR' }}, }, Supplemental information included with the memo is known as an attachment and enclosures are typically included with letters. Arial is smooth and classy while Times New Roman is clean and easy to read. 'max': 30, If you are including both, the academic degree is listed first and the certification follows with periods for consistency. bids: [{ bidder: 'rubicon', params: { accountId: '17282', siteId: '162036', zoneId: '1666926', position: 'btf' }}, type: "cookie", One popular way to design shared strokes is to use two colors to help distinguish the letters. I was going to use initials in my author name to differentiate between the two genres I write in but a post by another author made me change my mind. }, googletag.cmd.push(function() { { bidder: 'sovrn', params: { tagid: '346688' }}, { bidder: 'ix', params: { siteId: '195451', size: [320, 50] }}, For instance, an initial can be formed from the first letter of a name or a word that forms part of the phrase. One of the first things someone learns to do is sign their name. "noPingback": true, Imitate the other ligatures by using your own initials and practicing on your computer. Learn what those initials mean about PT degrees, credentials, and clinical specialties. { bidder: 'sovrn', params: { tagid: '387233' }}, { bidder: 'ix', params: { siteId: '555365', size: [120, 600] }}, iasLog("setting page_url: - https://dictionary.cambridge.org/grammar/british-grammar/abbreviations-initials-and-acronyms"); { bidder: 'sovrn', params: { tagid: '346693' }}, For example, let’s look at the following two references and their corresponding text citations. {code: 'ad_leftslot', pubstack: { adUnitName: 'cdo_leftslot', adUnitPath: '/2863368/leftslot' }, mediaTypes: { banner: { sizes: [[120, 600], [160, 600]] } }, var googletag = googletag || {}; A font is a style of text and fonts can make all the difference in your ligature. { bidder: 'triplelift', params: { inventoryCode: 'Cambridge_Billboard' }}, Add the power of Cambridge Dictionary to your website using our free search box widgets. { bidder: 'onemobile', params: { dcn: '8a969411017171829a5c82bb4deb000b', pos: 'cdo_leftslot_160x600' }}, One option is to treat the initials as a unit. iasLog("exclusion label : lcp"); { bidder: 'pubmatic', params: { publisherId: '158679', adSlot: 'cdo_btmslot' }}]}]; A man's initials usually don't change—the exception is if he and his spouse use a hyphenated last name after they're married. Look at other ligatures on popular clothing lines, well-known toys or other brand name items to find one you like. addPrebidAdUnits(pbAdUnits); { bidder: 'ix', params: { siteId: '195451', size: [300, 250] }}, Type the initials of the letter writer in capital letters, followed by a slash or colon. The word in the example sentence does not match the entry word. googletag.pubads().setTargeting("cdo_dc", "british-grammar"); (1993). The woman's first name initial goes first, then the surname initial in a slightly larger font and the man's first name initial in the same size font as the woman. { bidder: 'triplelift', params: { inventoryCode: 'Cambridge_HDX' }}, { bidder: 'onemobile', params: { dcn: '8a969411017171829a5c82bb4deb000b', pos: 'cdo_btmslot_300x250' }}, { bidder: 'ix', params: { siteId: '555365', size: [120, 600] }}, bids: [{ bidder: 'rubicon', params: { accountId: '17282', siteId: '162036', zoneId: '776156', position: 'atf' }}, If your physical therapist has a clinical doctorate degree, they will sign their name, and then write "PT, DPT" after their name. { bidder: 'ix', params: { siteId: '555365', size: [120, 600] }}, For example, if your name was John Doe, your initials would be J. D. Depending on whether or not you use your middle name or names, the initials of your name will generally be … B. C., Jr. Initials are usually given with a period after, and then, the name or initials are separated from any titles with a comma. bidderSequence: "fixed" { bidder: 'ix', params: { siteId: '195464', size: [160, 600] }}, { bidder: 'onemobile', params: { dcn: '8a969411017171829a5c82bb4deb000b', pos: 'cdo_rightslot_flex' }}, is a publishing vs a language issue and depends upon the policy of whoever makes such style decisions, i.e. type: "html5", { bidder: 'criteo', params: { networkId: 7100, publisherSubId: 'cdo_rightslot2' }}, 'min': 3.05, They can be in either print or cursive but should be unique to you. "sign-up": "https://dictionary.cambridge.org/auth/signup?rid=READER_ID", Required fields are marked *. { bidder: 'ix', params: { siteId: '194852', size: [300, 250] }}, 'max': 8, userIds: [{ },{ { bidder: 'criteo', params: { networkId: 7100, publisherSubId: 'cdo_rightslot' }}, { bidder: 'openx', params: { unit: '541042770', delDomain: 'idm-d.openx.net' }}, {code: 'ad_rightslot', pubstack: { adUnitName: 'cdo_rightslot', adUnitPath: '/2863368/rightslot' }, mediaTypes: { banner: { sizes: [[300, 250]] } }, { bidder: 'onemobile', params: { dcn: '8a9690ab01717182962182bb50ce0007', pos: 'cdo_btmslot_mobile_flex' }}, var mapping_houseslot_b = googletag.sizeMapping().addSize([963, 0], []).addSize([0, 0], [300, 250]).build(); A comma should immediately follow the nurse’s name, with commas separating each credential. { bidder: 'pubmatic', params: { publisherId: '158679', adSlot: 'cdo_rightslot2' }}]}]; Verb patterns: verb + infinitive or verb + -. name: "identityLink", { bidder: 'onemobile', params: { dcn: '8a9690ab01717182962182bb50ce0007', pos: 'cdo_btmslot_mobile_flex' }}, dfpSlots['rightslot2'] = googletag.defineSlot('/2863368/rightslot2', [[300, 250], [120, 600], [160, 600]], 'ad_rightslot2').defineSizeMapping(mapping_rightslot2).setTargeting('sri', '0').setTargeting('vp', 'mid').setTargeting('hp', 'right').addService(googletag.pubads()); pbjs.setConfig(pbjsCfg); The typist writes the date, the address of the addressee and the salutation. Is it the colors or the combination of the names? { bidder: 'pubmatic', params: { publisherId: '158679', adSlot: 'cdo_rightslot' }}]}, { bidder: 'appnexus', params: { placementId: '11654174' }}, The name is printed. When we refer to ourselves using initials, it is more formal: J. Adams, lawyer (formal) John Adams, lawyer (less formal) Sometimes first names are in full, and middle names are included as initials. At last space we have to take all the characters after the last space in a simple approach. },{ { bidder: 'sovrn', params: { tagid: '346693' }}, { bidder: 'pubmatic', params: { publisherId: '158679', adSlot: 'cdo_rightslot2' }}]}]; They “tie” the letters together to try to make them into a smooth and memorable design that is catchy and artistic. If someone doesn't have a middle name, they often use a dual initial monogram or opt to use their last name initial only. pid: '94' Apply this style of monogram to luggage and shirt cuffs. The signer of the letters’ initials is placed first, in all capital letters, followed by either a slash mark (/) or a colon (:). The code snippet that demonstrates this is given as follows − { bidder: 'ix', params: { siteId: '195467', size: [300, 50] }}, { bidder: 'appnexus', params: { placementId: '11654149' }}, { bidder: 'ix', params: { siteId: '195467', size: [320, 50] }}, name: "pbjs-unifiedid", { bidder: 'sovrn', params: { tagid: '346698' }}, var pbjs = pbjs || {}; { bidder: 'onemobile', params: { dcn: '8a9690ab01717182962182bb50ce0007', pos: 'cdo_topslot_mobile_flex' }}, { bidder: 'triplelift', params: { inventoryCode: 'Cambridge_SR' }}, },{ Add the typist’s initials in lowercase letters. "sign-in": "https://dictionary.cambridge.org/auth/signin?rid=READER_ID", name: "idl_env", (To get this sound, first take the sound halfway between joke and check, and then slowly pass it backwards along the tongue until it is entirely clear of the tongue tip. {code: 'ad_rightslot', pubstack: { adUnitName: 'cdo_rightslot', adUnitPath: '/2863368/rightslot' }, mediaTypes: { banner: { sizes: [[300, 250]] } }, var mapping_houseslot_a = googletag.sizeMapping().addSize([963, 0], [300, 250]).addSize([0, 0], []).build(); ga('set', 'dimension3', "default"); initAdSlotRefresher(); { bidder: 'openx', params: { unit: '539971065', delDomain: 'idm-d.openx.net' }}, { bidder: 'criteo', params: { networkId: 7100, publisherSubId: 'cdo_btmslot' }}, Most companies write business letters on their letterhead stationery. googletag.pubads().setTargeting("cdo_l", "en"); { bidder: 'onemobile', params: { dcn: '8a969411017171829a5c82bb4deb000b', pos: 'cdo_rightslot2_flex' }}, params: { 'cap': true 'max': 3, }] bids: [{ bidder: 'rubicon', params: { accountId: '17282', siteId: '162036', zoneId: '1666926', position: 'btf' }}, expires: 365 { bidder: 'ix', params: { siteId: '195466', size: [728, 90] }}, { bidder: 'criteo', params: { networkId: 7100, publisherSubId: 'cdo_rightslot2' }}, { bidder: 'pubmatic', params: { publisherId: '158679', adSlot: 'cdo_btmslot' }}]}, { bidder: 'openx', params: { unit: '539971081', delDomain: 'idm-d.openx.net' }}, Browse our dictionary apps today and ensure you are never again lost for words. { bidder: 'ix', params: { siteId: '194852', size: [300, 250] }}, Separate the nurse's name and each credential with a comma. { bidder: 'sovrn', params: { tagid: '346688' }}, { bidder: 'appnexus', params: { placementId: '11654208' }}, { bidder: 'sovrn', params: { tagid: '446381' }}, Some acronyms are pronounced as a combination of letters and syllables: She sent me a jpeg file with a photo of her wedding. { bidder: 'openx', params: { unit: '539971079', delDomain: 'idm-d.openx.net' }}, { bidder: 'openx', params: { unit: '539971066', delDomain: 'idm-d.openx.net' }}, { bidder: 'ix', params: { siteId: '555365', size: [300, 250] }}, googletag.enableServices(); Never write, for example, “Dr. bids: [{ bidder: 'rubicon', params: { accountId: '17282', siteId: '162036', zoneId: '776156', position: 'atf' }}, The period just represents the missing letters. Outlines can show what you’ll need to modify and can give you ideas about what will and won’t work. {code: 'ad_topslot_b', pubstack: { adUnitName: 'cdo_topslot', adUnitPath: '/2863368/topslot' }, mediaTypes: { banner: { sizes: [[728, 90]] } }, Examples of acronyms: NATO /ˈneɪtəʊ/ North Atlantic Treaty Organisation, scuba /ˈsku:bə/ self-contained underwater breathing apparatus, radar /ˈreɪdɑ(r)/ radio detection and ranging, SATs /sæts/ standard attainment tests (tests taken by schoolchildren in the UK). Your email address will not be published. Letters like K, B, D, F, R and L are all flat sided and work great in shared strokes designs. googletag.pubads().setTargeting('cdo_alc_pr', pl_p.split(",")); PsPrint is an online commercial printing company specializing in brochure printing. NATO’s foreign policy has been criticised recently. if(pl_p) dfpSlots['houseslot_b'] = googletag.defineSlot('/2863368/houseslot', [], 'ad_houseslot_b').defineSizeMapping(mapping_houseslot_b).setTargeting('sri', '0').setTargeting('vp', 'btm').setTargeting('hp', 'center').setCategoryExclusion('house').addService(googletag.pubads()); "authorization": "https://dictionary.cambridge.org/auth/info?rid=READER_ID&url=CANONICAL_URL&ref=DOCUMENT_REFERRER&type=&v1=&v2=&v3=&v4=british-grammar&_=RANDOM", "sign-out": "https://dictionary.cambridge.org/auth/signout?rid=READER_ID" Clear explanations of natural written and spoken English. the initials. var pbHdSlots = [ }); The typists initials are always placed last and should be lower case. "authorizationTimeout": 10000 bids: [{ bidder: 'rubicon', params: { accountId: '17282', siteId: '162036', zoneId: '776156', position: 'atf' }}, like q, but unaspirated. { bidder: 'pubmatic', params: { publisherId: '158679', adSlot: 'cdo_leftslot' }}]}, name: "pubCommonId", Use a graphics program on your computer to refine the lines and add your colors — and save it in multiple sizes so you can use it on everything you make and sell! Where the acronym has existed for a long time and become fully established in the language, it is written with small letters (or with one capital letter if it is at the beginning of a sentence): The ship’s radar had been destroyed in battle. ga('set', 'dimension2', "entry"); {code: 'ad_topslot_a', pubstack: { adUnitName: 'cdo_topslot', adUnitPath: '/2863368/topslot' }, mediaTypes: { banner: { sizes: [[300, 250]] } }, Then the first letter of the name is printed i.e. { bidder: 'ix', params: { siteId: '195464', size: [120, 600] }}, { bidder: 'openx', params: { unit: '539971079', delDomain: 'idm-d.openx.net' }}, { bidder: 'appnexus', params: { placementId: '11654208' }}, dfpSlots['houseslot_a'] = googletag.defineSlot('/2863368/houseslot', [300, 250], 'ad_houseslot_a').defineSizeMapping(mapping_houseslot_a).setTargeting('sri', '0').setTargeting('vp', 'mid').setTargeting('hp', 'right').setCategoryExclusion('house').addService(googletag.pubads()); { bidder: 'ix', params: { siteId: '195464', size: [120, 600] }}, { bidder: 'sovrn', params: { tagid: '387233' }}, { bidder: 'onemobile', params: { dcn: '8a969411017171829a5c82bb4deb000b', pos: 'cdo_btmslot_300x250' }}, { bidder: 'appnexus', params: { placementId: '11653860' }}, { bidder: 'appnexus', params: { placementId: '19042093' }}, googletag.pubads().setTargeting("cdo_pc", "dictionary"); 'cap': true We often use initials to refer to the names of countries and organisations: Initials also refer to the first letters of people’s first names. bids: [{ bidder: 'rubicon', params: { accountId: '17282', siteId: '162036', zoneId: '776160', position: 'atf' }}, {code: 'ad_topslot_a', pubstack: { adUnitName: 'cdo_topslot', adUnitPath: '/2863368/topslot' }, mediaTypes: { banner: { sizes: [[300, 50], [320, 50], [320, 100]] } }, { bidder: 'onemobile', params: { dcn: '8a969411017171829a5c82bb4deb000b', pos: 'cdo_topslot_728x90' }}, References. expires: 60 What is it you like about this ligature? iasLog("exclusion label : wprod"); { bidder: 'sovrn', params: { tagid: '705055' }}, Most academic degrees are listed with periods; however, many professional certifications are not. When we fill in forms, we are sometimes asked to state our surname and initials. {code: 'ad_leftslot', pubstack: { adUnitName: 'cdo_leftslot', adUnitPath: '/2863368/leftslot' }, mediaTypes: { banner: { sizes: [[120, 600], [160, 600], [300, 600]] } }, Angle vertical strokes: If the letters in your initials aren’t shared or similar in strokes, they can still be combined with a little adjustment. iasLog("criterion : cdo_ei = abbreviations-initials-and-acronyms"); Fonts like Arial and Times New Roman are very common and easy to combine. var mapping_topslot_b = googletag.sizeMapping().addSize([746, 0], [[728, 90]]).addSize([0, 0], []).build(); {code: 'ad_topslot_b', pubstack: { adUnitName: 'cdo_topslot', adUnitPath: '/2863368/topslot' }, mediaTypes: { banner: { sizes: [[728, 90]] } }, var mapping_btmslot_a = googletag.sizeMapping().addSize([746, 0], [[300, 250], 'fluid']).addSize([0, 0], [[300, 250], [320, 50], [300, 50], 'fluid']).build(); Initials can be of many types such as, the first letter of anyone’s name, a phrase or may be any identity word. { bidder: 'appnexus', params: { placementId: '11653860' }}, { bidder: 'sovrn', params: { tagid: '705055' }}, var mapping_leftslot = googletag.sizeMapping().addSize([1063, 0], [[120, 600], [160, 600], [300, 600]]).addSize([963, 0], [[120, 600], [160, 600]]).addSize([0, 0], []).build(); { bidder: 'pubmatic', params: { publisherId: '158679', adSlot: 'cdo_rightslot' }}]}, An important part of electronic forms is the ability to leverage a binding agreement. googletag.cmd = googletag.cmd || []; iasLog("criterion : cdo_dc = british-grammar"); { bidder: 'ix', params: { siteId: '195451', size: [300, 50] }}, Write the memo with an authoritative voice that intends to inform rather than intimidate the reader. After that, the writer’s initials are written, again in all capital letters followed by a slash or colon. When we fill in forms, we are sometimes asked to state our surname and initials. { bidder: 'onemobile', params: { dcn: '8a969411017171829a5c82bb4deb000b', pos: 'cdo_leftslot_160x600' }}, Campbell, A., Muncer, M., & Gorman, B. (Otherwise we never would have been able to use typewriters or write in longhand.) 'cap': true You would use the initials in your prose or in your in-text citation and list the entry under the first initial in your works-cited list entry: You should choose this option if you have no way of knowing whether the initials represent a first and last name. Please write comments if you find anything incorrect, or you want to share more information about the topic discussed above. { bidder: 'onemobile', params: { dcn: '8a969411017171829a5c82bb4deb000b', pos: 'cdo_rightslot2_flex' }}, The abbreviations here are written and spoken in this form: Clipping is common when we use personal names: An initial is the first letter of a word. { bidder: 'appnexus', params: { placementId: '11654157' }}, Never write, for example, Doctor George Ross. var pbMobileLrSlots = [ { priceGranularity: customGranularity, if(!isPlusPopupShown()) When you write the names in full, you leave a space between each one. Whatever it is, start doodling out ideas. { bidder: 'triplelift', params: { inventoryCode: 'Cambridge_MidArticle' }}, pbjsCfg = { "login": { (compact disc read-only memory; pronounced /si: di: ˈrɒm/). { bidder: 'openx', params: { unit: '539971063', delDomain: 'idm-d.openx.net' }}, storage: { { bidder: 'triplelift', params: { inventoryCode: 'Cambridge_SR' }}, }; { bidder: 'appnexus', params: { placementId: '11654157' }}, var pbMobileHrSlots = [ 'cap': true params: { "error": true, bids: [{ bidder: 'rubicon', params: { accountId: '17282', siteId: '162050', zoneId: '776358', position: 'atf' }}, This is sometimes called ‘clipping’, because we keep the beginning of the word and ‘clip’ the rest of the word. pbjs.que.push(function() { { bidder: 'sovrn', params: { tagid: '387232' }}, { bidder: 'ix', params: { siteId: '195451', size: [320, 50] }}, { bidder: 'ix', params: { siteId: '555365', size: [160, 600] }}, { bidder: 'ix', params: { siteId: '195467', size: [300, 250] }}, { bidder: 'ix', params: { siteId: '195467', size: [320, 100] }}, The first step is to get inspired. Just have a glance at this article to know how to add initials in PDF. }); var mapping_rightslot2 = googletag.sizeMapping().addSize([746, 0], [[300, 250], [120, 600], [160, 600]]).addSize([0, 0], []).build(); If adding your initials to a small change in a contract, be sure to add them in the margin next to the updated information. iasLog("criterion : sfr = cdo_dict_british-grammar"); { bidder: 'openx', params: { unit: '539971063', delDomain: 'idm-d.openx.net' }}, Pam Peters: The practice of using initials to represent given names has been more common in Europe than in America or Australia. if(refreshConfig.enabled == true) B. C. D. Eugendis. When a business starts up, it learns to sign its name too — of course, it’s in the form of a logo or a ligature. },{ 'min': 31, Create the monogram by placing the initials in first, middle and last order, keeping all the letters the same size. The word “ligature” literally means “to tie” something together, which is what business logos usually do. { bidder: 'openx', params: { unit: '541042770', delDomain: 'idm-d.openx.net' }}, Like full signatures, you can also have signature initials only and this will means … { bidder: 'openx', params: { unit: '539971065', delDomain: 'idm-d.openx.net' }}, }, bids: [{ bidder: 'rubicon', params: { accountId: '17282', siteId: '162036', zoneId: '776130', position: 'btf' }}, { bidder: 'appnexus', params: { placementId: '11654156' }}, To be honest it was a real hassle, because no matter how clearly I used to say my name, people would always get it wrong. googletag.pubads().setTargeting("cdo_pt", "entry"); { bidder: 'pubmatic', params: { publisherId: '158679', adSlot: 'cdo_topslot' }}]}, { bidder: 'criteo', params: { networkId: 7100, publisherSubId: 'cdo_rightslot' }}, Abbreviations can be formed from the first letters of the word or phrase. iasLog("criterion : cdo_pt = entry"); the boss. var mapping_topslot_a = googletag.sizeMapping().addSize([746, 0], []).addSize([0, 550], [[300, 250]]).addSize([0, 0], [[300, 50], [320, 50], [320, 100]]).build(); bids: [{ bidder: 'rubicon', params: { accountId: '17282', siteId: '162050', zoneId: '776358', position: 'atf' }}, A good way to help you visualize strokes is to turn your initials into outlines. Starting out with Python, Third Edition, Tony GaddisChapter 7Programming Challenges1. googletag.cmd.push(function() { Similar strokes: Letters that have similar strokes, like “-T-” and “-R-” can be combined despite the difference in the top curve of the letters. iasLog("exclusion label : resp"); Begin the typist’s initials line flush left. { bidder: 'ix', params: { siteId: '195464', size: [300, 600] }}, { bidder: 'ix', params: { siteId: '555365', size: [300, 250] }}, { bidder: 'pubmatic', params: { publisherId: '158679', adSlot: 'cdo_topslot' }}]}, { bidder: 'triplelift', params: { inventoryCode: 'Cambridge_Billboard' }},